Comparison of Mood, Physical Symptoms, Cognitive Failure and Life Satisfaction in Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Premenstrual Syndrome and No/Mild Premenstrual Syndrome: A Controlled Study


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Dogu S. E. , EKİCİ ÇAĞLAR G., EKİCİ B.

BEZMIALEM SCIENCE, vol.10, no.5, pp.551-559, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.14235/bas.galenos.2021.6699
  • Journal Name: BEZMIALEM SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.551-559
  • Keywords: Premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, depression, anxiety, cognitive failure, life satisfaction, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, MENSTRUAL-CYCLE, WORKING-MEMORY, SCREENING TOOL, PMDD, QUESTIONNAIRE, PERFORMANCE, INVENTORY, SEVERITY, STUDENTS
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to compare the mood, physical symptoms, cognitive failure, and life satisfaction in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and No/Mild PMS (No/Mild PMS).Methods: Totally 195 women participated in this study. The participants were divided into three groups according to the scores they received from premenstrual symptom screening tool. premenstrual symptom screening tool, beck depression inventory, beck anxiety inventory, cognitive failures questionnaire, and satisfaction with life scale were applied to all participants.Results: The study findings demonstrated that there was a significant difference between the groups in terms of the mean scores of anxiety, depression, cognitive failure, and life satisfaction (p<0.05). Women with PMDD group had significantly higher anxiety, depression, and life satisfaction scores than women with PMS and No/Mild PMS (p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the groups in terms of CFQ (p<0.05); however, the difference between groups was not significant in post-hoc comparisons.Conclusion: Women with PMDD had higher anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms and lower life satisfaction than women with PMS and No/Mild PMS. The results suggest that health professionals should be sensitive to the emotional and cognitive sides of PMDD/PMS. Holistic intervention programs may be developed considering current study findings.