The purpose of this study is to analyze phonological awareness of children who attends preschool to different variables. The participants of this study are 162 kindergarten children; 76 of which are girls and 86 are boys who reside in Ankara metropolitan city center and who attend state governed kindergartens of Ministry of National Education in 2005-2006 school year. "Test of Phonological Awareness (Second Edition:Plus)" has been applied which was developed by Joseph K.Torgesen and Brian R.Bryant in 1994. Furthermore, "Demographic Information Form" devised by the researchers was used to get information about children's family and teachers. Data collected were analyzed through One Way Analysis of Variance- ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tests of Tukey HSD, LSD and T-test. There is significant difference between sociocultural level in sub dimension of same-different sounds "Test of Phonological Awareness" (p=0,013, p<0,05) and also sub dimension of letter-sound correspondence (p=0,000, p<0,05) Children from middle and upper sociocultural level outperformed those of lower sociocultural level in "Test of Phonological Awareness", and in discriminating same/different sounds and letter sound correspondence. The findings of the investigation reveals that sex of child did not become effective with phonological awareness.