Adsorption of heavy metal ions onto dithizone-anchored poly (EGDMA-HEMA) microbeads


Salih B., Denizli A., KAVAKLI C. , Say R., Piskin E.

TALANTA, cilt.46, sa.5, ss.1205-1213, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

The dithizone-anchored poly (EGDMA-HEMA) microbeads were prepared for the removal of heavy metal ions (i.e. cadmium, mercury, chromium and lead) from aqueous media containing different amounts of these ions (25-500 ppm) and at different pH values (2.0-8.0). The maximum adsorptions of heavy metal ions onto the dithizone-anchored microbeads from their solutions was 18.3, Cd(II); 43.1, Hg(II); 62.2, Cr(III) and 155.2 mg g(-1) for Pb(II). Competition between heavy metal ions (in the case of adsorption from mixture) yielded adsorption capacities of 9.7, Cd(II); 28.7, Hg(II); 17.6, Cr(III) and 38.3 mg g(-1) for Pb(II). The same affinity order was observed under non-competitive and competitive adsorption, i.e. Cr(III)> Pb(II)> Hg(II) > Cd(II). The adsorption of heavy metal ions increased with increasing pH and reached a plateaue value at around pH 5.0. Heavy metal ion adsorption from artificial wastewater was also studied. The adsorption capacities are 4.3, Cd(II); 13.2, Hg(II); 7.2, Cr(III) and 16.4 mg g(-1) for Pb(II). Desorption of heavy metal ions was achieved using 0.1 M HNO3. The dithizone-anchored microbeads are suitable for repeated use (for more than five cycles) without noticeable loss of capacity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.