Comparison of Two Methods for Purification of Enterocin B, a Bacteriocin Produced by Enterococcus faecium W3

Dundar H., ATAKAY M., CELIKBICAK O., SALİH B., Bozoglu F.

PREPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.45, no.8, pp.796-809, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10826068.2014.958165
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.796-809
  • Keywords: enterocin B, reverse-phase chromatography, MALDI-TOF, peptide sequencing, bacteriocin purification, bacteriocin, LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA, GENETIC-CHARACTERIZATION, PEDIOCIN FAMILY, SEQUENCE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to compare two different approaches for the purification of enterocin B from Enterococcus faecium strain W3 based on the observation that the bacteriocin was found both in cell associated form and in culture supernatant. The first approach employed ammonium sulfate precipitation, cation-exchange chromatography, and sequential reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The latter approach exploited a pH-mediated cell adsorption-desorption method to extract cell-bound bacteriocin, and one run of reverse-phase chromatography. The first method resulted in purification of enterocin B with a recovery of 4% of the initial bacteriocin activity found in culture supernatant. MALDI-TOF MS analysis and de novo peptide sequencing of the purified bacteriocin confirmed that the active peptide was enterocin B. The second method achieved the purification of enterocin B with a higher recovery (16%) and enabled us to achieve pure bacteriocin within a shorter period of time by avoiding time consuming purification protocols. The purity and identity of the active peptide were confirmed again by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. Although both approaches were satisfactory to obtain a sufficient amount of enterocin B for use in MS and amino acid sequence analysis, the latter was proved to be applicable in large-scale and rapid purification of enterocin B.