SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY, vol.42, no.8, pp.871-875, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
Purpose Fractures of the clavicle, which has an important location and function in the upper extremity and shoulder joint, compose 10% of all fracture cases. During the osteosynthesis of clavicle fractures and in the post-operative period of patients, considering the detailed morphometric and topographic properties of the nutrient foramen of clavicle is important to avoid the disruption of arterial nutrition of the clavicle and prevent unexpected injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphometric properties of the nutrient foramen of clavicle in more detail using computedtomography images. Methods Computed tomography images of 116 healthy individuals (56 women/60 men) who had no pathology history were included in the presented study. Computed tomography images were reconstructed three-dimensionally using free-licensed Horos v3.3.3 software. Then, distances from clavicle's nutrient foramen to sternal end, anterior and posterior edges of the clavicle were measured. Statistical analyses were completed using SPSS v21 software. Results Our results demonstrated that the nutrient foramen of clavicle was located closer to the sternal end of the clavicle. The shortest distance to the sternal edge of clavicle was measured as 3.3 cm. Analyses of gender differences indicated that statistically significant differences were in favor of men. However, topographic properties of the clavicle's nutrient foramen were not affected by age. Conclusion Nutrient foramen is mostly located closer to the sternal end of clavicle. Especially during osteosynthesis of clavicle fractures at the sternal end, maintaining the arterial supply of clavicle is of great importance for increasing the post-operative life quality of patients.