Oxidative Protein Damage with Carbonyl Levels and Nitrotyrosine Expression after Chemotherapy in Bone Marrow Transplantation Patients

SABUNCUOĞLU S., Oztas Y., Cetinkaya D. U., Ozgunes N., Ozgunes H.

PHARMACOLOGY, vol.89, pp.283-286, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000337040
  • Journal Name: PHARMACOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.283-286
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Protein oxidation is defined as the covalent modification of a protein, induced either directly by reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species or indirectly by reaction with secondary by-products of oxidative stress. Protein carbonyls are the most commonly measured products of protein oxidation. Additionally, nitrotyrosine is a product of tyrosine nitration mediated by reactive nitrogen species such as peroxynitrite anion and nitrogen dioxide. Samples were collected before the preparative regimen (10 days before transplantation; day-10), on transplantation day (day 0), and after transplantation (days 7, 14, and 28) from 16 pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. The erythrocyte 3-nitrotyrosine expression was shown to be significantly increased after chemotherapy. In accordance, the mean plasma carbonyl levels on days 14 and 28 were significantly higher than on the other days. High-dose chemotherapy applied in the preparative regimen of HSCT may be responsible for this long-term oxidation of plasma proteins. These results show that high-dose chemotherapy resulted in protein oxidation both in plasma and in erythrocytes in HSCT patients. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel