The education programme of surgery has unique problems. In this study, first, a literature review is conducted to cover the studies found in the literature reporting on the problems of surgical education. Additionally, a survey study is conducted with 31 participants, who are either currently enrolled in endoscopic surgery education programmes in Turkey or are experts in the field. Supportively semistructured individual interviews are also conducted with five participants. These data are collected to better understand the instructional methods being used, their problems and the participants' preferred methods to be used. Additionally, the participants' attitudes are also investigated regarding the use of new technologies to enhance the current education programmes. The results indicate that, in Turkey, surgical education programmes are still mostly offered in traditional ways while other educational methods are used in an extremely limited manner. In general, the authors emphasise that more research needs to be conducted to better understand the characteristics of the medical students and develop standards for surgical education programmes, educational tools specific for related surgical domains and guidelines for the curriculum integration. The results of this study aimed to guide the instructional system designers for the endoscopic surgery education programmes.