A plasma polymerization technique to overcome cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections


Coekeliler D., Caner H., Zemek J., Choukourov A., Biederman H., Mutlu M.

BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, cilt.2, ss.39-47, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 2 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1088/1748-6041/2/1/007
  • Dergi Adı: BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.39-47

Özet

Prosthetic devices, mainly shunts, are frequently used for temporary or permanent drainage of cerebrospinal fluid. The pathogenesis of shunt infection is a very important problem in modern medicine and generally this is characterized by staphylococcal adhesion to the cerebrospinal fluid shunt surfaces. In this paper, the prevention of the attachment of test microorganism Staphylococcus epidermidis on the cerebrospinal fluid shunt surfaces by 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate ( HEMA) precursor modification in the plasma polymerization system, is reported. Different plasma polymerization conditions (RF discharge power 10-20-30 W, exposure time 5-10-15 min) were employed during the surface modification. The surface chemistry and topology of unmodified and modified shunts was characterized by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Also, static contact angle measurements were performed to state the change of surface hydrophilicity. All samples were tested in vitro with Staphylococcus epidermidis. A plasma-polymerized HEMA film (PP HEMA) was found to be an alternative simple method to decrease the microorganism attachment and create bacterial anti-fouling surfaces. The attachment of the model microorganism Staphylococcus epidermidis on the shunt surface modified by PP HEMA at 20 W and 15 min was reduced 62.3% if compared to the unmodified control surface of the shunt.