INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, vol.29, no.2, pp.228-238, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
Some chemicals or thermal burns may result in abnormal reepithelialization by conjunctival epithelial cells and it causes different types of damage on the cornea surface: When reepithelialization does not occur, chronic inflammation and neovascularization develop, often leading to stroma scarring and/or ulceration. The aim of this study is to restore the human corneal surface with autologous corneal epithelial sheets generated by serial cultivation of the limbal epithelial cells over the different compositions of composite membranes. The composite membranes were prepared by coating the alginate membrane with chitosan. In this method, alginate membrane was prepared by precipitation of the sodium alginate solution in calcium chloride solution. Alginate membranes were washed; dried anti immersed into the chitosan solutions to prepare composite membranes. The composite membranes were characterized based on their morphology, hydrophilicity, swellability, and chemical structure. In the last part of the study, composite membranes were used as base matrices for limbal epithelial cell cultivation. The cell cultivation on polymeric membranes was investigated as the in vitro studies. In these studies cell attachment, spreading and growth on polymeric membranes were evaluated.