In this study, a novel catalyst based on Fe@Au bimetallic nanoparticles involved graphene oxide was prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The nanomaterial was used in catalytic reductions of 4-nitrophenol and 2-nitrophenol in the presence of sodium borohydride. The experimental parameters such as temperature, the dosage of catalyst and the concentration of sodium borohydride were studied. The rates of catalytic reduction of the nitrophenol compounds have been found as the sequence: 4-nitrophenol>2-nitrophenol. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of nitrophenol compounds were determined. Activation energies were found as 2.33 kcal mol(-1) and 3.16 kcal mol(-1) for 4-nitrophenol and 2-nitrophenol, respectively. The nanomaterial was separated from the product by using a magnet and recycled after the reduction of nitrophenol compounds. The recyclable of the nanocatalyst is economically significant in industry. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.