The role of NLRP1 and NLRP3 inflammasomes in the etiopathogeneses of pityriasis lichenoides chronica and mycosis fungoides: an immunohistochemical study


BOSTAN E., GÖKÖZ Ö., Atakan N.

ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00403-022-02363-x
  • Journal Name: ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Inflammasomes, Mycosis fungoides, Pityriasis lichenoides, ACTIVATION, MECHANISMS, DIAGNOSIS
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common subtype of primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas, whereas pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. The inflammasome is a part of the natural immune system which has a multimeric structure consisting of the receptor, adaptor and effector protein that show specificity for various ligands or activators. After the activation of the inflammasome complex, caspase 1 becomes activated which subsequently triggers interleukin-18 (IL-18) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) production. In our study we aimed to examine the roles of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 1 (NLRP1) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain (NLRP3) inflammasomes in the etiopathogeneses of PLC and MF. NLRP1, NLRP3, caspase 1, IL-18 and IL-1 beta levels were examined and compared immunohistochemically in the skin biopsies belonging to 16 control patients; 16 PLC cases, 12 cases with stage 1 MF and 12 cases with other stages of MF (stage 2-4). In the paired comparisons of NLRP1, stage 2-4 MF group and PLC group were shown to have increased levels of NLRP1 expression compared to the control group. IL-1 beta was also expressed at statistically significantly higher levels in each of the stage 1 MF, stage 2-4 MF and PLC groups compared to the control group. In the paired comparisons of caspase 1 and IL-18, it was found that stage 1 MF, stage 2-4 MF and PLC groups had increased levels of expression compared to the control group. Our findings suggest that the NLRP1 inflammasome pathway might play a role in the etiopathogenesis and progression of PLC and MF.