The aim of this study is to identify and compare the number of basic education students in Germany and Turkey who smokes. The study has a survey model. The participants of the study are a total of 1024 German and Turkish basic education students. Since the study is an emprical one, the data of the study were colleced through survey questionnaires. The data obtained were analysed by make use of descriptive statistical techniques, espeicially in the form of means, frequency and percentage. These findings clearly suggest that long-term training activities to avoid smoking are needed in basic education schools. (c) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license.