Does Scratch Teach Only Programming?

Galiç S., Yıldız B.

Technology, Innovation and Special Education Research Journal, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-25, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Scratch was designed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). This study aims to obtain mathematical concepts that students need while developing a Scratch project based on the Turkish national elementary mathematics curriculum. Within the scope of the research, six projects that are shared openly with users and site visitors on the Scratch site were selected. Dr. Scratch was used to the process of selecting quality Scratch projects under seven aspects over twenty-one points. In this study, Scratch projects were classified according to their Dr. Scratch scores in three different levels such as beginner, intermediate and upper level. For the current study, the selected projects are limited to the theme of the game. 119 Scratch projects were examined according to criteria and 9 games with different levels were selected. In the data analysis process each code blocks in every project were analyzed with regard to mathematics. Then, mathematical concepts were associated with related objectives in the curriculum. According to the findings, it was observed that 16 mathematical concepts in the elementary mathematics curriculum were used while developing Scratch projects at beginner and intermediate levels. Besides, it was found that there were mathematical concepts related to the secondary school curriculum. As a result of this study, students may have implicit learning during the process of developing a Scratch Project. For the future study, Turkish national curriculums may be investigated and rearranged as an holistic perspective.