Determination of body fat percentage by electrocardiography signal with gender based artificial intelligence

UÇAR M. K., Ucar Z., UÇAR K., Akman M., BOZKURT M. R.

BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND CONTROL, vol.68, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bspc.2021.102650
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Electrocardiography signal, Machine learning, Artificial intelligence, Body composition, Body fat percentage, Gender based body fat percentage, MASS INDEX, PREDICTION EQUATION, MISSING VALUES, ANTHROPOMETRY, ABSORPTIOMETRY, IMPEDANCE, DISEASE, OBESITY, AGE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background and purpose: Body fat percentage (BFP) is a frequently used parameter in the assessment of body composition. The body is made up of fat, muscle and lean body tissues. Excess fat tissue in the body causes obesity. Obesity is a treatable disease that decreases the quality of life. Obesity can trigger ailments such as psychological disorders, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory and digestive problems. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry gold standard method is laborious, costly and time consuming. For this reason, more practical methods are needed. The aim of this study is to develop BFP prediction models with gender-based electrocardiography (ECG) signal and machine learning methods. Methods: In the study, 25 features were extracted from seven different QRS bands and filtered and unfiltered ECG signals. In addition, age, height and weight were used as features. Spearman feature selection algorithm was used to increase the performance. Results: The BFP prediction models developed have performance values of R = 0.94 for men and R = 0.93 for women and R = 0.91 for all individuals. Feature selection algorithm helped increase performance. Conclusion:: According to the results, it is thought that ECG based BFP prediction models can be used in practice.