Social media use and political participation: the Turkish case

Toros S., TOROS E.

TURKISH STUDIES, vol.23, no.3, pp.450-473, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14683849.2021.2023319
  • Journal Name: TURKISH STUDIES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Historical Abstracts, Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.450-473
  • Keywords: Political participation, online political expression, social media, Turkey, ENGAGEMENT, ONLINE, NETWORKS, HETEROGENEITY, CONSEQUENCES, CITIZENSHIP, CENSORSHIP, EXPRESSION, EXPOSURE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The freedom of media is an essential component for democratic settings; however, in some contexts, citizens experience several barriers to enjoy this right in full. Replacing conventional media channels, social media is becoming an indispensable medium to express and discuss politics in such environments. Yet, there is little consensus in the literature about how social media relates to offline political participation, especially in settings where citizens do not experience media freedom in full. By using survey data that has been collected after the Turkish general election of 2018, this article aims to display the relationship between social media use and offline political participation. The analysis reveals offline political participation is related to sharing political views online and exposure to alternative political ideas.