Rationale: Nutrition affects peridontal health, oral flora composition and amount, protein synthesis, immune system function, growth and development. Orthodontic treatment can affect these processes by changing the frequency, quantity and quality of nutrition. This study was carried out to evaluate the changes in food intake in individuals who started orthodontic treatment.
Methods: This study was carried out with 17 adolescents (7 males, 10 females) who applied to the Department of Orthodontics at Hacettepe University Faculty of Dentistry. It was a follow up study and participants were interviewed 4 times (baseline, 1st week, 4th week and 12th week). In the first meeting, socio-demographic characteristics, general eating habits and 24-hour dietary recall were taken.
Results: The mean age of participants was 13,76±2,01. When the educational status of the parents of the children was examined, it was determined that the majority of the parents (%41.1) were university graduates. While there was a statistically significant difference between the level of mother education and the age of starting tooth brushing (p<0.05), no significant difference between tooth brushing frequency (p>0.05). The consumption of bread (p<0.029), fizzy drinks (cola, soda) (p<0.001) and seed foods (olive, date) decreased (p<0.028), while consumption of soup (p<0.01) increased in comparison with the initial and the last amounts of foods.
Conclusions: Although it is known that orthodontic treatment adversely affects food intake, this effect has not been investigated sufficiently. Nutrition is of great importance for the quality of life and the development of the individual in adolescents. The detrimental effect of orthodontic treatment on nutrition should be taken into account and individuals should be directed towards the adequate dietary intake during the orthodontic treatment.
Disclosure of interest: None declared.