Impact of scoliosis on gestational outcome

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Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association, vol.24, no.4, pp.241-245, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2023.2022-10-3
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.241-245
  • Keywords: neonatal outcomes, obstetric outcomes, Pregnancy, respiratory function tests, scoliosis
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: To demonstrate the impact of scoliosis on pregnancy and gestational outcome. Material and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated gestational outcomes of pregnant women with scoliosis at Hacettepe University Hospital between 2008 and 2018. Cases were grouped according to the presence of previous scoliosis surgery and compared in terms of gestational week at birth, birthweight, rate of neonatal intensive care unit admission, hospitalization during pregnancy, route of delivery, type of anesthesia at labor and postpartum intensive care unit admission rate. Ejection fraction (EF), functional vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and FEV1/FVC ratio values were also recorded. Results: A total of 23 women were included, of whom 12 (52.2%) had a prior scoliosis surgery. One of the 23 (4.3%) cases was terminated due to respiratory problems, while the remaining 22 cases resulted in deliveries. The median gestational week at birth was 38.2 and the median birth weight was 3150 g. Median (range) maternal height was 143 (80-160) cm while median (range) maternal weight was 51 (35-86) kg. Three (13.6%) were diagnosed with restrictive lung disease. No significant difference was found between operated and non-operated groups in terms of respiratory function test results, cardiac EF and other related demographic and clinical features. Overall cesarean delivery rate was 63.6% (14/22) and cesarean section rate was significantly higher in the operated group (83.3% versus 40%) (p=0.04). Conclusion: Cesarean section rate was increased in this cohort of pregnancies in women with scoliosis and who had previous scoliosis surgery.