Mechanical behaviour of nonwovens: Analysis of effect of manufacturing parameters with parametric computational model

Farukh F., Demirci E., Sabuncuoglu B. , Acar M., Pourdeyhimi B., Silberschmidt V. V.

COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.94, pp.8-16, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2013.12.040
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-16


A deformation behaviour of, and damage in, polymer-based thermally bonded nonwovens was studied with a parametric finite-element model. Microstructure of the studied nonwoven was modelled by direct introduction of fibres and bond points, employing a subroutine-based parametric technique. This technique helped to implement variations in dimensional characteristics of structural entities related with manufacturing of these materials. Following experimental observations, a realistic orientation distribution of fibres and single-fibre failure criteria were included into the model. The developed model was demonstrated to be a very useful tool not only for predicting effects of parameters related to manufacturing of nonwovens or of specimen's size on a macroscopic response of the nonwoven but also for getting an insight into deformation mechanisms and damage localization in its structure. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.