A Case Report of Thrombocytopenia-associated Multiple Organ Failure Secondary to Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi Infection in a Pediatric Patient: Successful Treatment With Plasma Exchange


Yildirim I., CEYHAN M., BAYRAKCİ B., Uysal M., Kuskonmaz B. B., ÖZALTIN F.

THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND DIALYSIS, vol.14, no.2, pp.226-229, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1744-9987.2009.00714.x
  • Journal Name: THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND DIALYSIS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.226-229
  • Keywords: Children, Plasma exchange, Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, Thrombocytopenia-associated multiple organ failure, SEPTIC SHOCK, PERFUSION, SEPSIS
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

A high proportion of the patients with Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi infection develop severe sepsis. The mortality rate is high despite aggressive antimicrobial therapy in these patients. The case of a 10-year-old boy who developed thrombocytopenia-associated multiple organ failure (TAMOF) secondary to S. typhi infection is reported. The patient did not respond to antimicrobial treatment, including ciprofloxacin, in addition to conventional supportive measures, so plasma exchange was performed. The thrombocytopenia and organ failure had resolved after 3 days of plasma exchange therapy. Plasma exchange is suggested to be a life-saving intervention in a child with TAMOF secondary to S. typhi infection.