The relation between nature and the man has caused the emergence of art. This relation, which started with the imitation of nature, continued with mythological stories and was formed under the influence of romanticism and realism. Then, it has started to be evaluated with the use of urbanization and modernism concepts in literature until today. The perception of nature, which has a similar course in Turkish literature, has shown itself with the pastoral point of view in folk poetry, appeared in the descriptions under the influence of romanticism in the Tanzimat Period, and maintained a realistic attitude in Servet-iIn Period. This realistic attitude towards nature had continued until the 1970s when the impact of urbanization and modernization was clear enough. The subject of this study is the perception of nature in the novel named Mola by Yaman Koray in 1970. The perception of nature seen in the novel in the village of Narlikoy in Erdek is reflected both through the conflict between nature and the city and people's awareness of nature. In order to solve the conflict and reveal the awareness, the eco-criticism, which emerged as a new method of criticism after the 90s, was used in literature. In this way, throughout the novel, the view of people living in village on urbanization, the relation between modernism and urbanization, how this relation has affected the distance between human and nature, the level of awareness of people about nature and the protection of environment were questioned.