House dust mite-derived allergens effect on matrix metalloproteases in airway epithelial cells.

Karaguzel D., Sarac B. E., Akel Bilgic H., Summak G. Y., Unal M. A., Kalayci O., ...More

Experimental lung research, vol.47, no.9, pp.436-450, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01902148.2021.1998734
  • Journal Name: Experimental lung research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.436-450
  • Keywords: Allergens, bronchial epithelium, cytokines, in silico model, matrix metalloprotease, KAPPA-B, P 2, EXPRESSION, DER-P-1, ACTIVATION, ASTHMA, INFLAMMATION, CYTOKINES, ENZYMES, MMP-2
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Aim of the Study: Many allergens have protease activities. Although the immunomodulatory effects of these antigens are well known, the effects attributed to their protease activities are not thoroughly investigated. We set out to determine the effects of house dust mite (HDM) allergens with varying protease activities on bronchial epithelial cell functions. Materials and methods: BEAS-2B cells were maintained in ALI-culture and stimulated with Der p1 (cysteine protease), Der p6 (serine protease), and Der p2 (non-protease) with and without specific protease inhibitors or heat denaturation. Cell viability and epithelial permeability were measured with MTT and paracellular flux assay, respectively. The effect of heat denaturation on allergen structure was examined using in silico models. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were investigated at the transcription (qPCR), protein (ELISA), and functional (zymography) levels. Results: Epithelial permeability increased only after Der p6 but not after Der p1 or Der p2 stimulation. Der p2 increased both MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, while Der p1 increased only MMP-9 expression. The heat-denatured form of Der p1 unexpectedly increased MMP-9 gene expression, which, through the use of in silico models, was attributed to its ability to change receptor connections by the formation of new electrostatic and hydrogen bonds. IL-8 and GM-CSF production were increased after Der p1 and Der p2 but decreased after Der p6 stimulation. IL-6 decreased after Der p1 but increased following stimulation with Der p6 and heat-denatured Der p2. Conclusion: Allergens in house dust mites are capable of inducing various changes in the epithelial cell functions by virtue of their protease activities.