Exercise Prevents Glucocorticoid-Induced Myocardial 4-Hydroxynonenal Production


Hayta U., Akin Ş., Gungor I., Colluoglu I. T., Guray U., Akin Y., ...More

CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS AND THERAPY, no.10.1007/s10557-023-07506-4, pp.1-4, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10557-023-07506-4
  • Journal Name: CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS AND THERAPY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-4
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Long-term administration of glucocorticoids (GCs) increases myocardial oxidative stress. 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) protein adducts, a marker of oxidative damage, have been associated with several cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, cardiomyopathy, and ischemia-reperfusion injury.Exercise training has been shown to have a protective effect on the heart by lowering the level of oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of long-term dexamethasone treatment and exercise training on myocardial 4-HNE levels. Twenty-four female Wistar albino rats were assigned to sedentary control saline treated (C, n=8), sedentary-dexamethasone treated (D, n=8), and exercise training-dexamethasone treated (DE, n=8) groups. Daily dexamethasone was injected for 28 days at a 1mg.kg-1 dose, while C animals were injected with the same volume of saline subcutaneously. DE animals underwent an exercise training protocol of 60 min/day, 5 days a week, at 25 m.min-1 (0% grade) for 28 days. Left ventricular 4-HNE, Hsp72 levels, and pHsp25/Hsp25 ratio were determined by Western blot. The administration of dexamethasone led to a significant elevation in 4-HNE levels in the myocardium of adult rats (p<0.05; D vs. C). The concurrent implementation of exercise training impeded this increase (p>0.05; DE vs. C). Exercise training-induced a threefold increase in myocardial Hsp72 expression (p<0.001; DE vs.C and D) and attenuated the dexamethasone-induced increase in Hsp25 phosphorylation (p<0.05; C vs. D) (p<0.001; DE vs. D). Our results indicate that long-term administration of dexamethasone is associated with an increase in cardiac 4-HNE levels, which is hindered by the addition of exercise training.

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