Improvement of Fatigue Properties of EN AW 6082 Aluminum Alloy using Different Deep Rolling Directions

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International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, vol.20, no.2, pp.10351-10358, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.15282/ijame.20.2.2023.02.0800
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.10351-10358
  • Keywords: 6082 Aluminum, Deep rolling, Fatigue, Residual stress
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Deep rolling (DR) is an effective mechanical surface treatment method to improve the fatigue properties of engineering components. In this method, the surface of the component was rolled using a roller with a predetermined force to obtain reduced roughness, hardness increases and compressive residual stresses in the surface region. These alterations allow for increasing the fatigue lives of the components in industrial applications. In the current study, DR was applied in tangential and longitudinal directions on specimens that were manufactured using EN-AW 6082-T6 aluminum. The resulting roughness, hardness and residual stresses were determined experimentally. Fatigue tests were carried out to determine the improvements in fatigue properties after DR. It was found that DR-induced compressive residual stresses depend on DR direction considerably. Due to this reason, fatigue strength improvements were found to be different for different DR direction applications. Longitudinal rolling resulted in a 23% fatigue strength increase compared to a 7% increase for tangential rolling. For both DR direction applications, fatigue cracks were shown to initiate at the sub-surface region, whereas the as-turned specimens exhibited surface crack initiation.