The clinical course of COVID-19 in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients.


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Karataş A., Malkan Ü. Y. , Velet M., Demiroğlu H., Büyükaşik Y., Telli Dizman G. , ...More

Turkish journal of medical sciences, vol.51, pp.1647-1652, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-2103-72
  • Title of Journal : Turkish journal of medical sciences
  • Page Numbers: pp.1647-1652
  • Keywords: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, bone marrow transplant, COVID-19

Abstract

Background/aim: The disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 was named as COVID-19. There is as yet insufficient information about the effects of HSCT on the clinical course of COVID-19. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical course of COVID-19 in patients who had undergone HSCT. Materials and methods: We analyzed baseline characteristics, clinical course and findings of COVID-19, hospitalization and death rates, overall survival, and case fatality rates of HSCT recipients diagnosed with COVID-19 retrospectively. Results: 57.6% of the patients underwent AHSCT, and 42.4% underwent allo-HSCT. 60.6%, 27.3%, and 12.1% of the patients had mild, moderate, and severe COVID-19 or critical illness, respectively. Overall, 45.5% were hospitalized, 12.1% required intensive care, and 9.1% necessitated invasive mechanical ventilation. The total CFR was 9.1% in HSCT recipients, 22.2% in patients with active hematologic malignancy, and 4.2% in patients without active hematologic malignancy. Conclusion: It can be concluded that mortality of HSCT recipients is lower in patients whose primary disease is in remission compared to ones that are not in remission. Further studies with larger group patients are needed in order to delineate the effects of COVID-19 on HSCT patients.