Comparison of Early and Late Onset Psoriasis (EOP and LOP) Regarding Systemic Inflammatory Comorbidities: LOP is a More Rapid Subtype of Psoriasis


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Terzi L. H., Gunaydin S. D.

Dermatology Practical and Conceptual, vol.12, no.3, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5826/dpc.1203a144
  • Journal Name: Dermatology Practical and Conceptual
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: comorbidity, early onset psoriasis, inflammation, late onset psoriasis, psoriasis
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Tognetti et al.Introduction: Early onset psoriasis (EOP) and late onset psoriasis (LOP) differ regarding genetic background, clinical presentation and course of disease. Objectives: In this study, comparison of EOP and LOP regarding systemic inflammatory comorbidities which are frequently seen in psoriasis and determination of possible differences is aimed. Methods: A total of 160 plaque psoriasis patients (121 with EOP and 39 with LOP) were enrolled for the study. Data was collected with face-to-face questionnaire and patients medical chart evaluation. Collected data included medical and family history, clinical features and parameters indicating severity of psoriasis, results of laboratory work-up, physical and dermatological examination findings, presence of joint and nail involvement and associated inflammatory systemic comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), metabolic syndrome (MS), obesity. Results: Nail involvement and PsA occurred more rapidly in LOP compared to EOP (P < 0.01, P < 0.01). Compared frequencies in LOP and EOP were 7.7% versus 0.8% for CVD, 38.5% versus 14% for HT, 33.3% versus 9.9% for DM and 44.7% versus 24.8% for MS, respectively. CVD, HT, DM and MS were significantly more frequent in LOP compared to EOP (P = 0.045, P = 0.001, P < 0.01, P = 0.022). Results of multivariate analysis performed taking into account the age, gender, severity parameters of disease, alcohol consumption, smoking habits and other concurrent systemic comorbidities revealed LOP to be an independent risk factor for CVD and DM (P < 0.01, R2: 0.036, P < 0.01, R2: 0.077). Conclusions: LOP seems to interact with systemic comorbidities hence generates more severe inflammatory burden and shows a more rapid course.