Synthesis and Characterization of Magnesium Pyroborate by Solution Combustion and Conventional Ceramic Methods: A Comparative Study


ALTUNTAŞ ÖZTAŞ N., Erdogan H.

ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANORGANISCHE UND ALLGEMEINE CHEMIE, vol.635, no.11, pp.1626-1632, 2009 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 635 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/zaac.200900026
  • Journal Name: ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANORGANISCHE UND ALLGEMEINE CHEMIE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1626-1632

Abstract

Solution Combustion Synthesis (SCS) and Conventional Ceramic Process (CCP) were applied for the preparation of magnesium pyroborate (Mg2B2O5) from Mg(NO3)(2)center dot 6H(2)O and H3BO3. Structural and morphological properties of the products were comparatively examined by XRD and FT-IR spectroscopic measurements as well as SEM and BET techniques. The effects of synthesis conditions on the properties of products were investigated throughly by optimizing the B/Mg molar ratio and reaction duration in CCP and by optimizing the fuel (carbohydrazide) quantity in SCS, Pure Mg2B2O5 (triclinic suanite) was obtained by thermal treatment in CCP employing a B/Mg molar ratio of 3: 1. It was found that the fuel must be in close proximity to the stoichiometric requirements in order to obtain the desired product in highly crystalline form from SCS. The Mg2B2O5 samples obtained by both methods exhibited similar structural properties but different morphologies.