Economic sentiment and foreign portfolio flows: Evidence from Türkiye

Güneş D., Özkan İ., ERDEN L.

Central Bank Review, vol.24, no.1, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cbrev.2024.100147
  • Journal Name: Central Bank Review
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: ARDL, Economic sentiment, Portfolio flows, Sentiment analysis, Text analytics
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The notable surge in capital flows in recent years has emerged as a key factor shaping the dynamics of international financial markets and influencing economic performance of emerging economies. Even though macroeconomic fundamentals of an economy can explain some of the patterns in international capital flows, behavioral factors also seem to be essential for positioning capital flows across countries. In this study, we aim to examine whether overall economic sentiment towards Turkish economy plays a significant role on net portfolio flows to Türkiye. To this end, we first construct a novel text-based sentiment index called "Turkish Economic Sentiment Index (TESI)", to capture the behavioral tendencies of international investors and media towards Türkiye. Our subsequent step integrates TESI into autoregressive distributed lag models (ARDL) alongside major pull-push determinants to assess whether market sentiment holds discernible influence on capital influx into Turkey. The results reveal that the TESI and VIX stand out as pivotal determinants influencing international portfolio flows. The TESI has a positive impact on portfolio flow dynamics, whereas the degree of global risk aversion inversely affects these flows. These findings align with the contention that a favorable sentiment can boost portfolio inflows to emerging markets. Conversely, heightened volatility expectations in global markets can prompt outflows from these economies.