An overlooked burden of acne in adolescents: The psychosocial wellbeing of their families Una carga ignorada del acné en adolescentes: el bienestar psicosocial de la familia


Tuğrul B., Demirdağ H. G., ASLAN C., Muştu Koryürek Ö.

Anales de Pediatria, vol.99, no.1, pp.37-43, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2023.04.011
  • Journal Name: Anales de Pediatria
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.37-43
  • Keywords: Acne vulgaris, Adolescent, Children's dermatology life quality index, Family dermatology life quality index, Quality of life
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Introduction: Acne vulgaris is significantly associated with an increased burden of care and has an important impact on the quality of life (QoL) and self-esteem of affected individuals. We aimed to assess the QoL of adolescents with acne and their families as well as the association of QoL with acne severity, treatment response, duration of acne and localization of lesions. Material and methods: The sample included a total of 100 adolescents with acne vulgaris, 100 healthy controls and their parents. We collected data on sociodemographic characteristics, presentation of acne, duration of acne, treatment history, treatment response, and parental sex. We used the Global Acne Severity scale, Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), and the Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI). Results: In the group of patients with acne, the mean CDLQI score in the patients was 7.89 (SD, 5.43) and the mean FDLQI score in the parents was 6.01 (SD, 6.11). In the control group, the mean CDLQI score in healthy controls was 3.92 (SD, 3.88) and the mean FDLQI score in their family members was 2.12 (SD, 2.91). We found a statistically significant difference between the acne and control groups in CDLQI and FDLQI scores (P <.001). There were also statistically significant differences in the CDLQI score based on the duration of acne and the response to treatment. Conclusions: Patients with acne and their parents had a decreased QoL compared with healthy controls. Acne was associated with impaired QoL in family members. Assessing QoL in the family in addition to that of the patient may allow an improved management of acne vulgaris.