Activity behavior of a HPLC column including alpha-chymotrypsin immobilized monosized-porous particles

Bilici Z., Camli S., Unsal E., Tuncel A.

ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol.516, pp.125-133, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 516
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aca.2004.04.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-133
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


In this study, a polymer-based, alpha-chymotrypsin (CT) immobilized HPLC column was prepared as a potential material for affinity-HPLC and chiral separation applications. Monosized-macroporous particles were synthesized as the support material by a relatively new polymerization protocol, the so-called, 'modified seeded polymerization'. The particles were obtained in the form of styrene-glycidyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene terpolymer approximately 11 mum in size. The particles were treated with aqueous ammonia to have primary amine groups on the porous surface. The amine functionalized particles were reacted by glutaraldehyde and the enzyme, CT, was covalently attached. CT carrying monosized-porous particles were slurry packed into the HPLC column 50 mm x 4.6 mm in size. Since the activity behavior of immobilized CT played an important role in the enantiomeric separations performed by similar columns, the enzymatic activity behavior of the column produced by our protocol was determined. For this purpose, HPLC column was used as a packed bed reactor and the enzymatic reaction was continuously followed by measuring the absorbance of the output flow by the UV-detector of HPLC. S-shaped absorbance-time curves were obtained by monitoring the reactor output both in dynamic and steady-state periods. The columns with relatively lower immobilized enzyme content were more sensitive to the changes in the operating conditions and responded with more appreciable substrate conversion changes. The maximum reaction rate of the immobilized enzyme was estimated as approximately 25% of the free one by the mathematical model describing the activity behavior of the column. No significant loss was observed in the activity of the immobilized enzyme during the course of the experiments. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.