Estimation of Durability Aspects of Al Masjid Al-Haram Marble, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia

Abd El Aal A., KAHRAMAN S.

GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, cilt.35, ss.2763-2779, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10706-017-0276-y
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2763-2779


The durability is a measure of the rock's ability to resist degradation during its working life. Rock durability is greatly related to the mineralogical composition of rocks, rock texture (crystal interlocking, crystal shape and size), and the nature of fluids that are in contact with rock. Marbles have been among the most important building materials since ancient times. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the durability of Al Masjid Al-Haram marble and Ordinary white marble "Carrara" (M-1 and M-2) and develop some correlations among the physical and mechanical properties such as P-wave velocity, slake durability index, dry uniaxial compressive strength (UCSDry), abrasion resistance, point load index, impact strength index, Brazilian tensile strength, and Shore hardness. After testing and the evaluation of the test results, strong statistical correlations were found between P-wave velocity and other rock properties. Statistical correlations between the UCSDry other tests were also carried out. The coefficients of regressions (R-2) range from 0.6177 to 0.997. The study shows that the UCSDry values of M-1 and M-2 have positive relationship with P wave velocities. Concluding remark is that the rocks tested in the study have good durability characteristics and can be reliably used for construction projects. On the other hand, the derived empirical equations can be used for the estimation purposes for similar rock types.