Background and purpose: Instruments developed specifically to measure nurse caring behaviors need to be assessed in different cultural contexts. The purpose was to translate the Caring Behaviors Inventory (CBI) into Turkish and evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods: This was a methodological study with 356 nurses and 363 patients. Linguistic, content validity, and construct validity tested for the validity of scale. Internal consistency and test-retest were calculated for reliability of scale. Results: Exploratory factor analysis identified 30 items that could be categorized under three factors. Cronbach's a for the CBI was .97 for nurses and .99 for patients. Conclusions: The Turkish version of the CBI is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring caring behaviors.