Regression-Based Interpretation Method for Confined Aquifer Pumping Tests

Çiftçi E., ŞAHİN A. U.

Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, vol.28, no.2, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/(asce)he.1943-5584.0002235
  • Journal Name: Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Confined aquifer, Inverse problem, Pumping test, Regression, Parameter estimation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 American Society of Civil Engineers.The constant-discharge pumping test is a widely used aquifer characterization tool for estimating hydrogeological parameters. Various graphical and numerical solution techniques have been devised for interpretation of pumping test results. This study proposes an alternative regression-based solution approach for analyzing pumping tests conducted in nonleaky, confined aquifers. A regression model was developed by making use of the similarity solution that describes the temporal drawdown behavior at a monitoring well within a pumping period. The field curve obtained from a pumping test (drawdown versus time data) and the theoretical type curve (dimensionless drawdown versus dimensionless time) exhibit identical behavior in logarithmic scale. Correspondingly, based on the equivalence of the area above these two curves, the proposed regression equation establishes a link between a selected drawdown value and its dimensionless counterpart. Once this drawdown value is associated with the corresponding dimensionless drawdown, the explored aquifer transmissivity and storativity can be retrieved easily with the similarity solution. The proposed fit equation enables users to retrieve hydrogeological parameters effortlessly by eradicating the difficulties encountered while implementing conventional graphical or optimization-based methods. The method was tested for a large number of hypothetical noise-free and noise-perturbed time drawdown data sets, each synthesized with different aquifer parameters within a wide range, and in all these attempts the proposed algorithm achieved providing highly accurate parameter estimates. In addition, two published test cases were employed to assess the estimation performance of the method in comparison with the existing techniques. The developed solution scheme was revealed to yield results in very good agreement with those reported in previous works. Considering the accuracy of the method and the ease of its implementation, the proposed approach can be a practical tool for analyzing constant-discharge tests performed in confined aquifers.