The Schiff base (Z)-6-[(2-hydroxyphenylamino) methylene]-2-methoxycyclohexa-2,4-dienone has been synthesized from the reaction of 2-aminophenol with 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde. The title compound has been characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, H-1-NMR, C-13-NMR and UV-Visible techniques. The structure of the title compound also was determined crystallographically. The crystal structure has been solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix least squares. The title compound crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with a = 10.438(1), b = 8.851(1), c = 12.746(1) angstrom, beta = 95.72(1)degrees, V = 1171.7(2) angstrom(3), D-x = 1.379 g cm(-3), respectively (R1 = 0.0522 and wR2 = 0.126 for 1442 reflections [I > 2 sigma(1)]).