Saprochaete/Magnusiomyces: identification, virulence factors, and antifungal susceptibility of a challenging rare yeast

Kaşaltı B., Gülmez Kıvanç D.

Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, vol.55, no.1, pp.41-49, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42770-024-01248-7
  • Journal Name: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.41-49
  • Keywords: Antifungal susceptibility testing, Biofilm, Esterase, Magnusiomyces capitatus, Rare yeast, Saprochaete clavata
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Saprochaete/Magnusiomyces is among rare yeasts which might emerge as causes of breakthrough infections and nosocomial outbreaks. Identification to the species level might be a challenge in clinical laboratories. Data on virulence factors are scarce and antifungal susceptibility testing methodology is not definite. The aim of this study was to confirm species identification of clinical Saprochaete/Magnusiomyces isolates, find out their virulence factors, and obtain antifungal minimum inhibitory concentrations with two reference methods. Of the 57 isolates included, 54 were Saprochaete capitata and four were Saprochaete clavata as identified by ID32C, MALDI-TOF MS, and sequencing. When tested using phenotypic methods, all isolates were negative for coagulase, hemolysis, acid proteinase, and phospholipase, 56.1% were positive for esterase, and 19.3% had intermediate surface hydrophobicity. All isolates formed biofilms, with 40.4% of the isolates producing more biomass than biofilm-positive reference strain Candida albicans MYA-274. Antifungal susceptibility testing needed an adjusted spectrophotometric inoculum than recommended in reference methods for Candida/Cryptococcus. In conclusion, Saprochaete/Magnusiomyces species could be identified using methods available in the clinical laboratories. Despite the disadvantages of the phenotypic methods, esterase positivity was observed for the first time. A high biomass production was observed in biofilms. The need for standardization of antifungal susceptibility testing was brought to attention.