Granulomatosis with polyangiitis and pregnancy: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, placental inflammation, chorangiosis and pre-eclampsia


ÇAĞAN M. , FADILOĞLU E. , ÜNAL C. , BEKSAÇ M. S.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY RESEARCH, cilt.46, sa.9, ss.1907-1910, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/jog.14356
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1907-1910

Özet

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare necrotizing autoimmune disease involving small vessel vasculitis. Pregnancies with GPA have increased rates of obstetric complications including pre-eclampsia. Differential diagnosis of GPA flares up and pre-eclampsia may be difficult and necessitates careful clinical practice. A 26-year-old pregnant woman with GPA was referred for hypertension. The absence of GPA signs and symptoms, negative anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titer and the presence of clinical and laboratory findings supported the diagnosis of pre-eclampsia rather than a GPA flare-up. The newborn was delivered via cesarean section at the 30th gestational week due to severe superimposed pre-eclampsia. Pathological examination of the placenta demonstrated the presence of chorangiosis and focal placental infarcts. GPA should be considered as a risk factor in pregnancy and requires careful clinical management to have good gestational outcome. Physicians should be vigilant regarding gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia as well as GPA flare-up.