Long range transport of pollutants from Europe to the Eastern Mediterranean

Al-Momani I., GÜLLÜ G., Eler U., Ortel E., Sirin G., Tuncel G.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.8, no.5-6, pp.249-256, 1999 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-256
  • Keywords: Eastern Mediterranean atmosphere, long range transport, trace elements, DRY DEPOSITION, SAHARAN DUST, SEA, WET, VARIABILITY, ATMOSPHERE, MASS


Daily aerosol and wet-only precipitation samples were collected, between January 1992 and January 1991 at a permanent station established on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Collected aerosol and rain samples were analyzed for major ions and a host of trace elements. The results have demonstrated that concentrations of parameters studied are higher than corresponding concentrations measured in the Western Mediterranean and western parts of the Black Sea due to longer transport distances to source regions of particles and precipitation scavenging from atmosphere. Temporal behavior of elements was explained by variations in source strengths and variations in scavenging efficiency.