The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting teacher candidates' measurement and evaluation course achievement with multiple indicators multiple causes modeling and to explore the effects of this factors on the achievement. The data in the study was obtained with a measurement instrument prepared for this purpose. Questions about departments, parent education level and income, mathematics achievement level and anxiety, academic grade, type of graduated high school, attitude toward measurement and evaluation course, achievement of measurement and evaluation course and the time allocated to the study were asked to teacher candidates. After analzing fit indexes of the measurment model, the relations between the independent indicator variables and latent variables were investigated by multiple indicators and multiple causes model. According to the results general academic achievement grade, attitudes toward measurement and evaluation course and type of high graduated school have predicted the achievement level of teacher candidates' in measurement and evaluation course. Socioeconomic level does not have significant impact on general academic achievement grade, mathematics achievement level and achievement of assessment and evaluation course of teacher candidates. It has been concluded that mathematics anxiety variable from affective characteristics significantly has predicted mathematics achievement negatively, and general academic achievement positively.