Treatment of Water Contaminated with Chlorinated Organic Herbicide 2,4-D by an Ozone/Gamma Process


OZONE-SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, vol.33, no.1, pp.50-65, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01919512.2011.536743
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.50-65
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Radiation-induced degradation of 50 ppm 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated in different ozonation times. Co-60 gamma-source was used as a gamma-source with a dose rate of 0.07 kGy/h. Ozonized samples were irradiated for the 0.2 kGy dose. It is observed that irradiation enhances the degradation of 2,4-D with ozone. The amount of passed ozone from samples is between 0.0695 g/L and 8.33 g/L with a flow rate of ozone at 0.078 L/min (10 g/h), from 10 s to 1200 s with the ozone generator. Aliphatic acids and chloride were determined with ion chromatography. Formaldehyde, dissolved oxygen, pH and total acidity were also measured. Both species and amounts of radiolytic intermediates were determined. 2,4-dichloro phenol (2,4-DCP) is one of the toxic intermediates of 2,4-D observed with GC/MS and it decomposes at further ozonation times. It is observed that combination of ozone/gamma irradiation is more effective for degradation of 2,4-D and its intermediate 2,4-DCP. Chloride ions are observed as completely released with combined processes at lower ozonation times although nearly 98% are released with 20 min' ozonation. Intermediate 2,4-DCP decomposes at earlier ozonation times than 2,4-D.