Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Health Care Satisfaction Questionnaire in patients with spinal pain

FANUSCU A., Asliyüce Y. Ö., ONAN D., ÖZ M., Berberoğlu U., ÜLGER Ö.

Physiotherapy Research International, vol.29, no.2, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pri.2083
  • Journal Name: Physiotherapy Research International
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Keywords: exercise, low back pain, neck pain, satisfaction
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background: The concept of satisfaction is an important concept because of the information it provides about both the quality of health services and the patients' utilization of the health services they receive. The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Health Care Satisfaction Questionnaire (HCSQ). Methods: The study sample consisted of 148 patients who received exercise therapy for spinal pain. Psychometric evaluations were analyzed using the Turkish version of the HCSQ (confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, test-retest reliability). Convergent validity was determined by examining the relationship between the scale and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Patient Satisfaction Scale for Physiotherapy Outpatient Clinics (PSSPOC), and the Patient Satisfaction Scale in Physiotherapy (PSSP). Results: The HCSQ showed excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's a = 0.96) and excellent test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.944). The HCSQ showed high correlation with NRS, PSSPOC, and PSSP. Conclusion: The HCSQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing satisfaction with health care services in the Turkish population with spinal pain.