Evaluation of Mandibular Lingual Foramina Related to Dental Implant Treatment With Computerized Tomography: A Multicenter Clinical Study

Yildirim Y. D. , GÜNCÜ G. N. , Galindo-Moreno P., Velasco-Torres M., Juodzbalys G., Kubilius M., ...More

IMPLANT DENTISTRY, vol.23, no.1, pp.57-63, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/id.0000000000000012
  • Title of Journal : IMPLANT DENTISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.57-63


Background:Bleeding can be one of the severe complications during implant placement or other surgeries. Presurgical assessment of the area should be performed precisely. Thus, we examined lingual vascular canals of the mandible using dental computerized tomography (CT); define the anatomical characteristics of canals and the relationship with mandibular bone.Methods:One thousand sixty-one foramina in 639 patients, in 5 dental clinics, were included in this multicenter study. Distance between crest and lingual foramen, tooth apex and lingual foramen, distance from mandibular border, diameter of lingual foramen, canal type, anastomosis, and location of foramen were examined.Results:Foramen was 18.33 5.45 mm below the bony crest and 17.40 +/- 7.52 mm from the mandibular border, with men showing larger measurements. The mean diameter of lingual foramina was 0.89 +/- 0.40 mm; 76.8% canal type was mono; 51.8% patients presented with median lingual canal-foramen (MLC) and 21.1% with lateral lingual foramen. Diameter of MLC was statistically larger.Conclusions:With a large sample group, results represented that lingual foramina could be visualized with dental CT, providing useful data for mandibular implant surgeries. Findings suggest that vascular canals and several anastomoses exist in the anterior mandible extending through premolar and molar regions as well. It is imperative to consider these vessels with the dental CT before and during the mandibular surgery to prevent threatening hemorrhage.