Effects of mono and binary recycled aggregates on the rheological properties of geopolymer mortars synthesized with construction and demolition waste-based binders

Mahmoodi O., Siad H., Lachemi M., ŞAHMARAN M.

Journal of Building Engineering, vol.77, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 77
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jobe.2023.107545
  • Journal Name: Journal of Building Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Apparent viscosity, Binary recycled aggregates, Geopolymer mortar, Recycled brick aggregate, Recycled ceramic tile, Recycled concrete aggregate, Rheology, Shear stress, Yield stress
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study comprehensively investigated the effect of different types of fine construction and demolition waste (CDW)-based aggregates, including recycled concrete aggregate (RCA), recycled ceramic tile aggregate (RTA) and recycled brick aggregate (RBA) on the fresh rheological properties of geopolymer mortars (GPMs) derived from CDW-based aluminosilicate binders. The results were compared to those of silica sand (SSA) and natural sand (NSA) with equivalent particle size distribution. In addition, the binary inclusion of RCA, RTA and RBA with 50% SSA or NSA fine aggregates was also considered in an attempt to reach rheological behavior closer to that of SSA and NSA-based GPMs. All mortars were blended with a CDW-binder composed of a ternary mixture of brick (RBP), ceramic (RTP) and concrete waste (RCP) powders optimized at pre-targeted chemical parameters of SiO2/Al2O3 and Na2O/SiO2 of 5.7 and 0.18, respectively. The geometrical shape parameters and packing densities of RCA, RTA, RBA, SSA and NSA aggregate skeletons and geopolymer mortar systems were also evaluated to examine their relationship with the rheological parameters of static and dynamic yield stresses, apparent and plastic viscosities, shear stresses and strains and thixotropy of GPMs. Although the incorporation of CDW-based aggregates resulted in enhanced rheological parameters, they exhibited shear-thinning or pseudoplastic behavior similar to SSA and NSA-GPMs. Yet the addition of RCA with a lower consumption of suspending fluids and reduced non-colloidal interactions than RBA and RTA resulted in overall rheological properties closer to those of SSA and NSA-GPMs, which further improved when combined with SSA or NSA in binary-aggregate-based GPM systems.