Frequency, risk factors and preventive approach to fall among aged population living in a nursing home in Ankara Ankara’da bir kurumda yaşayan yaşlılar arasında düşme sıklığı, risk faktörleri ve korunmaya ilişkin yaklaşımlar

Kibar E., ASLAN D., Karakoç Y., Kutsal Y. G.

TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, vol.14, no.1, pp.23-32, 2015 (Scopus) identifier


© 2015, TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin.AIM: Increase in aged population in number brings along the risk of falls and fall-related injuries among elderly. It has been reported that almost 60% of falls occur in nursing homes and majority of admissions to emergency departments due to falls consist of elderly. The purpose of this study conducted in a nursing home in Ankara was to determine the frequency of falls and risk factors, and to clear out the opinions and views of the participants on planning and promoting interventions for prevention. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 60 years of age and older residents who lived in a nursing home. Data of the study was collected via face to face interviewing technique. The questionnaire consisted of four sections including socio-demographic characteristics, health status of the participants, healthy/risky behavior and fall related characteristics. RESULTS: Mean age of the 75 female and 59 male participants involved in the study was 73.99±7.18. Females were found to fall more in frequency than males (p>0.05). It was found that nearly half of the males (47.5%) and more than half of the females (56.0%) fell at least once within the previous year. Number of falls were higher among 75 years of age and older participants compared to the other age groups (p=0.003). Compared to the participants with fall background, aged people without fall background gave more correct answers in number to the questions which were asked to assess the knowledge on falls. Six out of 20 answers were statistically significantly correct (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: Individual and environmental interventions to be continued both inside and outside the institutions in order to prevent falls.