Comprehensive investigation of performance of construction and demolition waste based wood fiber reinforced geopolymer composites

Ozcelikci E., ÖZDOĞRU E., Tugluca M. S., İLCAN H., ŞAHMARAN M.

Journal of Building Engineering, vol.84, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jobe.2024.108682
  • Journal Name: Journal of Building Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Construction and demolition waste, Durability, Geopolymer, Mechanical performance, Upcycling, Waste wood fiber
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study focuses on developing eco-friendly building materials by valorising construction and demolition waste (CDW) in geopolymer matrices. Various CDW-based materials, including brick, tile, concrete, and glass waste, were utilized. Additionally, CDW-based waste wood fiber (WWF) was chemically treated and integrated as a reinforcing fiber. The developed CDW-based WWF-reinforced geopolymer composites were extensively evaluated through workability, strength, durability, and microstructural analysis. Findings showed that incorporating 2.00 vol % and 4.00 vol % WWF in geopolymer composites resulted in a slight decrease in compressive strength, while at 6.00 vol % and 8.00 vol % WWF, significant decreases were observed. Flexural strength showed improvement up to 4.00 vol % WWF, with significant enhancement of 17.67 % compared to plain geopolymer. This enhancement was attributed to the increased adhesion capability and improved interlocking and compatibility between the geopolymer matrix and chemically treated WWF. However, the advantages of WWF addition were limited at higher usage ratios due to its higher water absorption capacity and potential agglomeration behaviour. In this context, water absorption increased with WWF, ranging from 30.87 % to 59.01 %, while improvements in freeze-thaw resistance were observed up to 6.00 vol % WWF usage. The microstructural analysis further corroborated these findings by confirming the presence of interlocking and agglomeration phenomena within the composites.