Incidence of patulin in apple juice concentrates produced in Turkey

GÖKMEN V., Acar J.

JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A, vol.815, no.1, pp.99-102, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 815 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0021-9673(97)01280-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-102
  • Keywords: fruit juices, apple juice, food analysis, patulin, mycotoxins
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


A total of 215 apple juice concentrate samples from three different producers in Turkey were analyzed for patulin using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The detection limit of patulin in single strength apple juice at a sugar content of 11.2 degrees Brix was lower than 5 mu g/l. Patulin was detected in all of the samples analyzed, at concentrations ranging from 7 to 376 mu g/l. Of the samples, 43.5% were found to exceed a patulin contamination level of 50 mu g/l. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.