Impostor phenomenon and burnout syndrome among emergency physicians: a cross-sectional study

BATUR A., AKSAN A., Meneksedag Y., KARACA M. A.

Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, vol.78, no.7-8, pp.379-388, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 7-8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/19338244.2023.2272122
  • Journal Name: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-388
  • Keywords: burnout syndrome, emergency medicine, Impostor phenomenon
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: This study examined emergency physicians across the country in terms of Impostor Phenomenon (IP) and Burnout Syndrome (BoS). We aimed to evaluate the possible relationship between IP and BoS and determine which demographic characteristics pose a risk for IP and BoS. Methods: This quantitative cross-sectional study consists of Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale (CIPS) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) which were filled out online by the participants. A total of 389 volunteers participated in the study. Results: The median age of participants was 30 years (Q1–Q3=27–35) and 57.3% (223) of them were male. The frequency of significant/intense IP was higher in women (28.9%) than in men (17%) (p=0.020). High emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment were more common in women than in men (71.7% vs 60.6% and 50% vs 31%, respectively). The median age of participants classified as none to mild IP was 34 years. It was 28 years in significant/intense IP. It was detected that the severity of IP increased as the participants got younger (p<0.001). Significant/intense IP was most common in residents (29%). The residents also had the highest frequency of depersonalization (73.5%). The frequency of moderate to intense IP was the least in participants who worked at a university hospital (74.6%). Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that IP and BoS are more common in residency. The increased frequency of IP and BoS in young female physicians may be attributed to hierarchical working arrangements and worry about academic performance. Experienced physicians with high levels of academic self-consciousness exhibited a low frequency of IP. Additionally, this study identified a moderate correlation between IP and BoS.