Anatomy of the Pharynx and Cervical Esophagus


Karaosmanoglu A. A. , Ozgen B.

NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, vol.32, no.4, pp.791-807, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nic.2022.07.022
  • Journal Name: NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.791-807
  • Keywords: Pharynx anatomy, Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Hypopharynx, Magnetic resonance imaging, Computed tomography, OROPHARYNX, NASOPHARYNX, APPEARANCE, CT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The pharynx and upper esophagus are continuous muscular structures allowing multiple functions. The normal imaging appearance can be chal-lenging owing to the complex muscular framework and surrounding fascial layers forming numerous anatomical landmarks. Knowledge of the ex-pected findings and of the anatomical relations of different pharyngeal subsites are crucial to assess lesions and disease extension in this region.