© 2022 Elsevier B.V.In this study, a nanoparticle-based sandwich-like immunoassay was designed in dispersion medium to precisely detect apoptosis over caspase antibodies in order to overcome the disadvantages of traditional apoptosis determination methods such as high cost, large sampling requirement, and appropriate laboratory and equipment conditions. For this purpose, a complementary particulate system including magnetic (MNPs) and upconversion silica (UC-SiNPs) nanoparticles while immobilizing antibodies (primary antibody to MNPs, secondary antibody to UC-SiNPs) were synthesized and characterized. Optimization and selectivity studies of the complex formed by primary antibody immobilized MNPs with standard caspase proteins were examined by the HPLC system. Within the scope of optimization studies, protein concentrations, optimal duration, and temperature parameters were evaluated. Optimal conditions were determined for pH, initial concentration, time, and temperature as 7.4, 5.6 μg/mL, 45 min, and room temperature, respectively. Furthermore, the adsorption of competitive proteins was investigated in selectivity studies as well. Moreover, the primary antibody immobilized MNPs were treated with standard caspase proteins under optimal conditions; subsequently, they were interacted with secondary antibody immobilized UC-SiNPs to demonstrate the supracomplex formation meanwhile zeta potential/size measurements and fluorescence emission spectrometry analyses were performed. As a result of these analyses, it was observed that the sandwich-like supracomplexes were successfully formed that significantly varied upconversion emission intensities of UC-SiNPs in dependence on the amounts of caspase proteins. Because this approach enabled a quantitative result, the nanoparticle-based sandwich-like immunoassay should be classified as an easy-to-handled, fast, and promising alternative to benchmark apoptosis assays.