We evaluate the efficiency of decision making units (DMUs) in a World Bank supported Social Risk Mitigation Project (SRMP) in Turkey through context-dependent and measure-specific data envelopment analysis (DEA) approaches. The results suggest that the efficiency evaluations with context-dependent and measure-specific DEA play various roles in an organization such as setting attainable targets to DMUs, setting long and short term targets to DMUs separately, grouping of DMUs, and improving internal competition between DMUs. Four main contributions of this study can be summarized as follows. Firstly, the study shows the applicability of context-de pendent and measure-specific DEA methodologies in a World Bank supported large scale project to increase the effectiveness of the project. Secondly, it outlines some important managerial conclusions of context-dependent DEA clustering approach. Moreover, we propose an alternative approach for attractiveness scores computations in case of exogenous group formations. Finally, the study proposes and applies measure-specific version of context-dependent DEA approach. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.