Understanding collaboration among nonprofit organizations: Combining resource dependency, institutional, and network perspectives

GUO C., Acar M.

NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY, vol.34, no.3, pp.340-361, 2005 (SSCI) identifier identifier


Existing research stops short of explaining why nonprofit organizations develop certain forms of collaborations instead of others. In this article, the authors combine resource dependency, institutional, and network theories to examine the factors that influence the likelihood that nonprofit organizations develop formal types of collaborative activities vis-a-vis informal types. Based on the survey data of 95 urban charitable organizations, the study has found that an organization is more likely to increase the degree of formality of its collaborative activities when it is older, has a larger budget size, receives government funding but relies on fewer government funding streams, has more board linkages with other nonprofit organizations, and is not operating in the education and research or social service industry.