Has the ship sailed? The causes and consequences of school dropout from an ecological viewpoint

KOÇ M., Zorbaz O., Demirtas-Zorbaz S.

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION, vol.23, no.5, pp.1149-1171, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11218-020-09568-w
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, Psycinfo, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1149-1171
  • Keywords: School dropout, School graduation, Dropout consequences, Ecological theory, Labor market, STUDENTS, RISK, PREDICTION, REASONS, SUPPORT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


The purpose of this study is to determine the factors relating to school dropout from the perspective of dropout students, their teachers, and their parents. It also explores students' experiences after school dropout. To this end, in this qualitative study, five young adults who dropped out of middle or high school and their parents and teachers were interviewed. The study found the factors related to school dropout included adjustment problems at the individual level; family, teachers, and economy at the microsystem level; and gender at the macrosystem level. While students, teachers, and parents generally agreed on economic conditions, they had different views about family impact and teacher impact. The study also determined that individuals dropping out of school cannot enter the labor market due to school dropout or have to work in low-status jobs; they regret dropping out; and they think that they would have had a better life if they had not left school.